What is Heart Palpitations?

When the person is at rest, the heartbeat suddenly accelerates and becomes irregular in an uncomfortable way, and the person feels this situation is called “heart palpitations” in the simplest sense. While the heart rate varies from person to person, some individuals may have around 80 beats per minute, while others may have around 100 pulses per minute. While on the move or during any physical activity, this number can reach 120 levels. A heart rate >100/min is called “Tachycardia” in medical language. Being palpable is defined as heart palpitations and usually manifests itself when the pulse rate rises above 140.

Heart palpitations are also seen in people who do not have any heart disease. In conditions such as hot weather, stress, insomnia, excessive caffeine consumption, healthy people also experience heart palpitations. When you experience heart palpitations, you should determine how many pulses per minute are in your home or environment by using a heart rate measuring device (pulsemeter) or by pressing the inside of your wrist.

What are the Tachycardia Types?
There are many types of tachycardia. Other than sinus tachycardia, the cause is the underlying arrhythmia problem. Some types of tachycardia caused by arrhythmia are given below:

  • Atrial fibrillation: The most common type of tachycardia. Irregular electrical signals cause very fast and chaotic beats in the atria of the heart. Atria contract irregularly. Most cases of atrial fibrillation are temporary and go away after a while. However, this may not always be the case. Some cases of atrial fibrillation do not improve without treatment. During the irregular beating of the atria, the blood cannot circulate and coagulates. These patients also receive blood thinners (anticoagulation) treatment, as they may cause a clot in the brain and cause a stroke.
  • Atrial flutter: It is similar to atrial fibrillation, but the heartbeat is more regular in atrial flutter. Compared to atrial fibrillation, the beat rate of the atria is relatively slower in atrial flutter. It may end on its own or may require treatment. People with atrial flutter tachycardia are more likely to have atrial fibrillation.
  • Ventricular tachycardia: It is a type of arrhythmia that starts in the ventricles of the heart. Rapid ventricular beats do not allow the heart to fill. The heart cannot pump enough blood to the body. Ventricular fibrillation rhythms that last as little as just a few seconds may not cause harm, but can be life-threatening if they last longer than a few seconds. It can result in death.
  • Supraventricular tachycardia: A comprehensive definition that refers to all arrhythmias that begin above the ventricle. The palpitations begin abruptly and end abruptly.
  • Ventricular fibrillation: It is an arrhythmia caused by irregular electrical signals that can be called fast and chaotic. The heart simply vibrates instead of contracting properly. If the heart does not return to a regular rhythm within minutes, the patient may die. A serious heart condition or trauma often underlies ventricular fibrillation.

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