Boniva, also known as Ibandronate, is a medication used to treat or prevent osteoporosis in women after menopause.
It belongs to a class of drugs called bisphosphonates, which work by slowing down the breakdown of bones, thus reducing the risk of fractures.
Uses of Boniva
Boniva is primarily used to treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Osteoporosis is a condition where the bones become brittle and fragile due to loss of tissue, making them more susceptible to fractures.
Women who have gone through menopause are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis because of the reduction in estrogen levels that occurs after menopause.
Boniva helps to increase bone density, thus reducing the risk of fractures.
Dosage of Boniva
The dosage of Boniva varies depending on the condition being treated.
For the treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women, the recommended dosage is 150 mg once a month. It should be taken on an empty stomach, at least an hour before eating or drinking anything other than water.
Patients should remain upright for at least 60 minutes after taking the medication to prevent irritation of the esophagus.
Side Effects of Boniva
Like all medications, Boniva can cause side effects. The most common side effects of Boniva include:
- Back pain
- Stomach upset
- Flu-like symptoms
- Joint pain
Less common but more severe side effects may include:
- Severe bone, joint, or muscle pain
- Jaw pain or numbness
- Osteonecrosis of the jaw (a rare condition where the jaw bone does not heal properly)
Patients should contact their doctor immediately if they experience any severe side effects.
Precautions and Interactions
Before taking Boniva, patients should inform their doctor of any medical conditions they may have, especially if they have kidney disease, low blood calcium levels, or difficulty swallowing.
Patients should also inform their doctor of any medications they are taking, including vitamins and supplements, as some medications may interact with Boniva.
Boniva should not be taken by patients who are allergic to any of its ingredients, or who are unable to stand or sit upright for at least 60 minutes after taking the medication.
Boniva is a medication used to treat or prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. It works by slowing down the breakdown of bones, thus reducing the risk of fractures.
The recommended dosage is 150 mg once a month, taken on an empty stomach. Common side effects include back pain, headache, and stomach upset, while less common but more severe side effects may include severe bone, joint, or muscle pain.
Patients should inform their doctor of any medical conditions or medications they are taking before starting Boniva.